You can use a Compression Tester. And inspect the engine to know or to determined if there's a defect of Head Gasket or a Piston Ring.
You can conduct it by the standard procedures
First conduct it with compression tester for DRY method Standard psi is 142 for the minimum and have the maximum of 179 psi. Second is to conduct a WET method.
embarking upon the procedure, the battery of the car should be
disconnected. Not doing so could cause a spark, resulting in a possible
electric shock to the mechanic. Remove the timing chain casing, and mark
the timing position of the gears. To do this, use a paint marker, and
mark a small spot where each timing notch is located. This ensures their
correct alignment during reassembly, and prevents the mechanic from
having to retime the engine following the correction of the blown head
Remove the timing chain, followed by the tappet cover. The next step will depend on the engine type. With a six-cylinder or an eight-cylinder engine, a removal of the intake manifold
is needed, followed by the removal of the head bolts. In a
four-cylinder engine, which is a single head engine, this step can be
skipped. Completely lift the head off the engine block, and remove and discard the blown head gasket.
Check to see if the block itself is level. Use a
straight-edged ruler to see if any gaps are present between ruler and
the engine block. If any are present, the block is warped and needs to
be leveled out. Repeat the process with the head. If no gaps are present
between the ruler and the head, it is safe to reassemble the engine
using a new head gasket.
Put the gasket upon the engine block. Place the
head back on the engine. In a crisscross pattern, working from the
center out, use a torque wrench
to tighten the head bolts to the proper torque level required by the
vehicle. A user manual will be required to determine the proper amount
of torque for this step.
Proceed with reinstalling the intake manifold.
Replace the tappet cover, timing chain, and timing chain casing. Drain
and change the vehicle's oil. This will need to be done to eliminate any
moisture in the oil caused by a possible antifreeze leak, which can result in the occurrence of a blown head gasket.
Change the antifreeze as well. This will allow it
to cool better, preventing the engine from overheating once again. Hook
the battery up, and the procedure is complete.